A’amaal on Day of Ashura

View in PDF

1. Stay away from food and water until late afternoon.(This is not a fast and thus should not be kept with the intention of fasting)

2. Focus on the great tragedy that took place on this day and avoid laughing and unnecessary discussions

3. Recite Salawát as many times possible.

4. When meeting fellow brothers, condole them in the following words:" May Alláh make our reward and your reward great, for our grief for Hussein, peace be on him." & "May He place us and you from those who help his cause with His representative, the guided Imám from the family of Muhammad, peace be on them."

5. Recite Sura al-Ikhlás (Sura # 112) 1000 times, or as many times as possible.

6. Say:

O Allah condemn and lay a curse upon the killers of Husayn (as), his family and friends 

O Alláh, curse those who killed Husayn, his children, and his companions.

Recite as many times as possible: "If only I had been with you and had achieved a great success." 

Recite the following Salaats, dua’as and Ziyaarat, after Fajr Salaat but before Zuhr Salaat.

7. Recite Salaat of Four raka`áts, divided into two prayers, in the following manner:

a. First prayer: In the first raka`a, after Súra al- Hamd, recite Súra al-Káfirún (Súra # 109). In the second raka`a, after Súra al-Hamd, recite Súra al-Ikhlás (Súra # 112).

b. Second prayer: In the first raka`a, after Súra al- Hamd, recite Súra al-Ahzáb (Súra # 33).

In the second raka`a, after Súra al-Hamd, recite Súra al-Munáfiqún (Súra # 63).

8. Say 1000 times:

O Allah condemn and lay a curse upon the killers of Husayn (as), his family and friends

9. Recite Ziarat Ashura(Mafátihul Jinán, Pg. 456)

10. Two rak`áts for Ziyárat of `Áshúra

11. Recite 100 times:

O Alláh, curse the first tyrant who oppressed, the right of Muhammad and his family, and the next who followed him on that.

O Alláh, curse the group who fought Husein, and the group which followed and supported, and joined hands to kill him.

O Alláh curse them all.

12. Recite 100 times:

Peace be on You O Abu `Abdilláh and on the souls that died with you.

Greetings of Peace of Alláh be on you, from me, forever so long as I live and so long as the night and day remain.

May Alláh not make it my last contact of ziyárat with you.

Peace be on Hussein, and on `Alí the son of Hussein,

13. A short du`á in Sajda. (Mafátihul Jinán, Pg. 458)

14. In remembrance of the time, Imam (as) had the bloodied body of his 6 month old Infant son in his arms & hesitated while walking towards the Tents to hand the body over to the mother! :-

a. Take a few steps forward and say while you are moving forward:-

Verily we are Allah’s and verily unto Him we return. We are happy with His will and carry out His command

Surely we come from Alláh, and to Him we shall return (2:156) Being pleased with His decree, and submitting to His orders.

b. Retrace your steps to where you began while reciting the above

Perform (a ) 3 more times & (b) 2 more time i.e. until you have repeated this 7 times in total.

15. Dua Alqama

16. Ziyárat of Ta`ziyah (Condolences). (This is recited after `Asr.) (Mafátihul Jinán, Pg. 291)